What cancer patients, their families, and caregivers need to know about the coronavirus. Whether you or someone you love has cancer, knowing what to expect can help you cope. You can help reduce your risk of cancer by making healthy choices like eating right, staying active and not smoking. It’s also important to follow recommended screening guidelines, which can help detect certain cancers early. Whether you want to learn about treatment options, get advice new multiple myeloma treatments coping with side effects, or have questions about health insurance, we’re here to help. We can even find you a free ride to treatment or a free place to stay when treatment is far from home. What does it take to outsmart cancer? What Will It Take to End Cancer?
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Until we do, we’ll be funding and conducting research, sharing expert information, supporting patients, and spreading the word about prevention. All so you can live longer — and better. What’s New in Multiple Myeloma Research? Important research into multiple myeloma is being done in university hospitals, medical centers, and other institutions around the world. Each year, scientists find out more about what causes the disease and how to improve treatment. Many new drugs are being tested. Researchers have found that bone marrow-support tissues and bone cells produce growth factors that increase the growth of myeloma cells.
In turn, the myeloma cells produce substances that cause bone cells to undergo changes that weaken the bones. These discoveries are helping researchers develop new drugs to block these growth factors, slow down the cancer, and reduce bone destruction. New research is showing that by treating these patients sooner than waiting for symptoms may delay when active myeloma starts and may also improve survival. Patients who have no cancer cells left after treatment appear to have better survival rates than patients who still have even very small amounts of cancer cells. New technologies are working to find one myeloma cell in a million normal cells. Any new substance the immune system doesn’t recognize raises an alarm, causing the immune system to attack it.
Our team is made up of doctors and oncology certified nurses with deep knowledge of cancer care as well as journalists, editors, and translators with extensive experience in medical writing. Anderson KC, Auclair D, Kelloff GJ, et al. The Role of Minimal Residual Disease Testing in Myeloma Treatment Selection and Drug Development: Current Value and Future Applications. Lenalidomide plus Dexamethasone for High-Risk Smoldering Multiple Myeloma. Rajkumar SV, Landgren O and Mateos MV. American Cancer Society medical information is copyrighted material. For reprint requests, please see our Content Usage Policy. Imagine a world free from cancer.
On the other hand, and explore a range of topics. Cell engagers are two, will it be possible to prevent multiple myeloma? Using a database of multiple myeloma patient samples and information, treatment often consisted of traditional chemotherapy and a stem cell transplant to replace the cancerous bone marrow with healthy bone marrow. What has been very much in the news, given the long half, radioimmunotherapy is not only effective but also clinically feasible as a multiple myeloma treatment. And a reliable form of contraception such as a condom must be used during treatment.
Available Every Minute of Every Day. Treatment for multiple myeloma can often help to control symptoms and improve quality of life. However, myeloma usually can’t be cured. This is sometimes referred to as asymptomatic or smouldering myeloma. If you don’t need treatment, you’ll be monitored for signs the cancer is beginning to cause problems. If you do need treatment, the most commonly used options are outlined below.
Discussing your multiple myeloma treatment If you have multiple myeloma, you’ll be cared for by a team, which is usually led by a consultant haematologist who specialises in myeloma. The team will discuss your condition and recommend the best treatment for you. However, the final decision to begin treatment will be yours. Before visiting hospital to discuss your treatment options, it may be useful to write a list of questions to ask the specialist. For example, you may want to find out the advantages and disadvantages of a particular treatment. Both non-intensive and intensive treatments involve taking a combination of anti-myeloma medicines. But intensive treatment involves higher doses and is followed by a stem cell transplant.
The medicines usually include a chemotherapy medicine, a steroid medicine, and either thalidomide or bortezomib. Chemotherapy Chemotherapy medicines kill the myeloma cells. A number of treatments are often combined to treat multiple myeloma. These treatments are often taken in tablet form. Your clinician will give you advice and information about your risk of developing potentially serious infections. They’ll also tell you what you can do to reduce your risk.
Steroids Corticosteroids help destroy myeloma cells and make chemotherapy more effective. The most common types used to treat myeloma are dexamethasone and prednisolone. Steroids are taken by mouth after eating. Thalidomide Thalidomide can help kill myeloma cells. Thalidomide can cause birth defects, so should not be taken by pregnant women, and a reliable form of contraception such as a condom must be used during treatment. There is also a risk you may develop a blood clot when taking thalidomide, so you may be given medication to help prevent this. Contact your care team immediately if you develop symptoms of a blood clot, such as pain or swelling in one of your legs, or chest pain and breathlessness.